The US Government and Federal Reserve policies are the root cause of income inequality---especially those in response to the recent recession. And because these policies persist, expect more inequality and more bubbles. The policies that hurt the bottom 99% but help the top 1% include inflation, the housing and stock market bubbles, bank bailouts and quantitative easing---all directly help the wealthy and hurt the less well-off.
Capitalism is the Best Of All Other Alternatives
There's some truth that unbridled Capitalism tends to concentrate wealth, but noticed I said "unbridled" which is not an accurate adjective of modern US capitalism. There are plenty of regulations--even inappropriate regulation of businesses and banks. And businesses are taxed heavily. The great wealth of Rockefeller and Carnegie was redistributed by private charitable trusts to universities, arts and other worthy charities. Who do you think re-distributes wealth better, the federal government or these charitable trusts?
And if you don't like wealth inequality in capitalism, you should try Communism! Recently the New York Times reported that China's leader Wen Jiabao's family has amassed a $2.7 billion fortune. True to the corrupt nature of the Chinese communism, the New York times website was immediately blocked (presumably NYT newspapers are banned too). The scandal involving Bo Xilai shows the massive corruption there and you can bet that that family is also wealthy beyond belief. Or how about the thugs in Russia, Azerbaijan, Cuba and Belarus? How about Royal families in constitutional monarchies or in the Middle East whose net worth soars into the 10s of Billions of dollars? We're talking about serious wealth disparity!
Here's the real reason's for our income inequality:
The bottom 50% of the population suffer the most from inflation as they hope wages or pensions keep up with price increases. They don't have access to credit to buy real estate or other inflation hedges. Due to the magic of leverage, wealthier middle or upper class individuals can actually profit from inflation.
Creating Inflation is now the official policy of the US Federal Reserve. They are targeting 2% inflation which will cause prices to double every 36 years. Bernanke is now trying to create either inflation and/or ignite another bubble!
Inflation is the Disease not Deflation
The whole idea of maintaining ANY inflation is wrong. Inflation is the disease not deflation. Deflation is considered bad because, in modern times, it occurs as a reaction to the unwinding of a previous bout of inflation! Before there was a Federal Reserve and their constant pump priming of money supply, "hard money policies" coupled with disciplined budgets and spending by Congress(except during wars), steady prices are the norm of economic history. A fixed supply of hard money will cause prices to generally decline. Wars and gold discoveries sometimes caused bouts of inflation but prices would drift down again later.
Deflation is Good!
Productivity causes prices of commodities and goods to decline. This is reason people denigrate the Gold Standard because they think declining prices is a "bad" thing. It's not true. You like the fact that prices of computers drop, right? Don't you love when prices of flat-screened TVs decline? Don't you want lower rent prices? Don't you want lower prices for food? Everyone wants lower health care or lower education costs! You would have declining prices if you eliminated the Federal Reserve and got the Federal Government out of the private economy!
Bubbles Enrich the top 1% The Most
From Mike Shedlock at Globaleconomicanalysis.com,
In 2000, there was an internet boom of epic proportion followed by an equally large bust. Who benefited from that? Clearly it was not the 99%.
From 2002 through 2006 there was a housing boom, the biggest the world had ever seen. Who benefited from that? Clearly it was not the 99%.
By the time those on the bottom end of the totem pole took part in the credit expansion boom, they were destroyed by it.
Many one-percenters amassed fortunes during the housing boom. Some lost it all back. Others made fortunes betting against the bubble. Still others went broke betting against the boom too early.Government policies over many administrations stoked the housing bubble: affordable housing programs that lowered loan underwriting standards for Freddie and Fannie mortgage loans, tax incentives for taking on personal and mortgage debt (interest deduction), home equity loans, and finally zero capital gains taxes on housing capital gains. Yes, if you lived in a house for a short period of time within 2 years of the house's sale, you were EXEMPT from capital gains taxes. Is it any wonder that in the 2000s, the TV show "Flip This House" became popular?
Government Spending Causes Inflation
Government spending and subsidies cause inflation in areas such a Medical and Educational costs. College education costs have soared as student loan debt has soared. Don't be surprised if student loans are the next bubble that bursts. And yes, the Government has had it's hand in the student debt creation. Increases in Medicare and Medicaid spending supports rising medical costs. Out-of-control government spending causes inflation. The Federal Reserve causes inflation.
The US Government and Federal Reserve policies are mostly the root cause of income inequality---especially in response to the recent recession. All of the emergency policies of Bernanke should have already been reversed as they are perversely helping the richest Americans and setting up the next big wave of inflation that will hurt the least well-off.