Saturday, February 15, 2020

A Summary of Climate Lies; Greenland and Antarctica Are Not Melting

Everything is a lie or a false meme these days in the media, in political circles, and with the government and UN.  Here's a video presentation from well known Dr. Don Easterbrook who debunks the various lies and manipulations regarding what was formerly known as Global Warming, now "Climate Change" because warming has paused for the past 18 years. It's about an hour in length.

You can find data that you can trust at Real Climate Science.

FACTS:

  • Sea level is rising 7 inches per CENTURY, not 20 feet.  The oceans have risen 400 feet in the past 10,000 years-- all natural!!
  • Severe storms and hurricanes are NOT more frequent than long term averages.
  • Arctic and Antarctic ice extent are in normal ranges of the past 100 years. 
  • Antarctic ice sheet is arguably growing, not melting at all.
  • The vast ice sheet of Greenland is between 1 1/2 to 2 miles thick (7000 to 10,500 feet elevation). Temperatures at that elevation in the arctic are NEVER above freezing even in the summer. Therefore the vast majority of Greenland ice is NOT melting. It can't!  (See below)
  • The Antarctic is similar to Greenland where nearly all of the continent remains below freezing --even in their summer. (See below.)
  • There hasn't been any global warming overall in the past 15 years.
  • The 1930s was the warmest decade in the past century, NOT our current period.
  • Snowfall is not below normal. Four of the past 5 years have set snowfall records.
  • CO2 is a trace gas at 0.04% (400 ppm), up from 0.03% (300 ppm) in 100 years.  It's not enough to cause warming.
  • We are led to believe that warming is occurring because NOAA and NASA keep manipulating data to reduce the high temperature extremes of the 1930s and increase ("adjust") recent data warmer.
  • The Oceans are alkaline and will never acidify. The oceans have an alkaline pH of 8.3 (below 7.0 is acid, above 7.0 is alkaline).  The pH will never drop because the ocean is a massive carbonate and bicarbonate buffer system that will eventually absorb all excess atmospheric CO2 to an atmosphere equilibrium concentration near 280 ppm CO2.

Antarctic Climate 


The average temperatures of the continent are extremely low. Some 99% of the continent is continually below freezing even in their summer (January).  There is no evidence of any shrinkage in the continents ice sheet and maybe good evidence of it gaining in extent. (Source: https://www.climatestotravel.com/climate/antarctica)

South Pole
At the South Pole, 2,800 meters (9,200 feet) above sea level, the average annual temperature is -49 °C (-56 °F), ranging from about -28 °C (-18 °F) in January to about -59.5 °C (-74.5 °F) in July. The lowest recorded temperature is -83 °C (-117 °F), while the highest is -12 °C (10 °F).

Here are the average temperatures of the South Pole (Amundsen–Scott Station).
South Pole - Average temperatures
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Min (°C)-30-43-57-61-62-63-63-63-62-54-40-29
Max (°C)-26-38-50-53-54-54-55-55-54-48-36-26
Min (°F)-22-45-71-78-80-81-81-81-80-65-40-20
Max (°F)-15-36-58-63-65-65-67-67-65-54-33-15

Vostok
However, the lowest temperature ever recorded in the continent, which is also the world record, belongs to the Russian station of Vostok, 3,500 meters (11,500 feet) above sea level, where the temperature reached as low as -89.2 °C (-128.6 °F) in in 1983. Here, the highest temperature ever measured is -14 °C (7 °F). This station is located near the geometric center of the continent, which is decisively indicating that continentality is a determining factor in temperature distribution, even more than latitude.
Here are the average temperatures of the Vostok station.
Vostok - Average temperatures
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Min (°C)-38-50-62-68-69-69-70-72-70-63-50-38
Max (°C)-27-39-53-61-62-61-62-64-62-52-37-27
Min (°F)-36-58-80-90-92-92-94-98-94-81-58-36
Max (°F)-17-38-63-78-80-78-80-83-80-62-35-17

There are also inland areas, with no weather stations, where even lower temperatures have been measured by satellites, such as Dome A, located at 4,000 meters (13,000 feet) above sea level, where a temperature of -93 °C (-135 °F) has been estimated.

In coastal regions, the climate is much milder. This happens because of the lower latitude (in some areas, the coasts are beyond the polar circle) and of the lower altitude (unlike in the interior, where there is a thick ice cap, here we are obviously at sea level), as well as of the influence of the sea. Here, the temperatures rarely drop below -30 °C (-22 °F) even in winter, while they can exceed the freezing point in summer. The highest temperatures ever measured in the continent have been 14.5 °C (58 °F), recorded on January 5, 1974, in the former Vanda Station, located near a salt lake in the McMurdo Dry Valleys, at a latitude of 77 degrees South, and 17.5 °C (63.5 °F), recorded in the Argentine Esperanza base in March 2015 (see below).

The Australian Casey Station is located on the coast of the Indian Ocean, at a latitude of 66 degrees South. Oddly, the average temperature at Casey Station reaches its minimum of -15 °C (5 °F) in May, probably for the change in atmospheric circulation that occurs in winter, while it peaks around -0.5 °C (31.5 °F) in January.
Casey - Average temperatures
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Min (°C)-3-5-10-15-19-18-18-18-17-15-9-4
Max (°C)20-4-8-11-10-10-10-10-8-31
Min (°F)2723145-2000151625
Max (°F)363225181214141414182734

At the Esperanza Base, located in the southernmost and warmest part of Antarctica, at the tip of the Antarctic Peninsula, at a latitude of 63 ° south, the temperature is even higher, in fact, the daily average ranges from a low of -10.5 °C (13 °F) in June to a high of 1.5 °C (35 °F) in January. The cold record is -38.4 °C (-37.1 °F).

Greenland Climate


In the interior, covered by the ice cap (Section 3 of map figure), the temperature remains around freezing or below even in summer, and it decreases with altitude. In summer, it usually snows above 300 meters (1,000 feet) above sea level. The coldest areas are the central ones, where the ice cap is thicker.  So there can't be any melting for the vast majority of Greenland!! (Sources: here Also: here.)



Eismitte


For instance in the point called Eismitte, at the center of the island, about 3,000 meters (10,000 ft) above sea level, an expedition in 1930 installed a weather station, which recorded an average temperature ranging from -47 °C (-53 °F) in February to -12 °C (10 °F) in July. The lowest recorded temperature was -65 °C (-85 °F) and the highest was -3 °C (27 °F).


Summit Camp


In the more recent scientific station of Summit Camp, located near the highest point of the ice plateau, where the altitude reaches 3,200 meters (10,500 ft), the average temperature ranges from -42 °C (-44 °F) in January to -13 °C (9 °F) in July; the coldest record so far is -67 °C (-88.5 °F), while the highest has been 3.6 °C (38.5 °F). Here are the average temperatures:

Summit Camp - Average temperatures
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Min (°C)-48-46-45-40-30-19-15-21-29-39-42-48
Max (°C)-36-38-32-29-19-11-11-14-22-28-28-36
Min (°F)-54-51-49-40-22-25-6-20-38-44-54
Max (°F)-33-36-26-20-212127-8-18-18-33

No comments: